Leander Coe Diary
|Title||Leander Coe Diary|
|Subject||Coe, Leander, -1864|
|United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 123rd (1862-1865)|
|United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives|
|Description||Diary of Leander Coe about his experiences and duties during his time serving in the 123rd Ohio Infantry Regiment during the Civil War.|
|Creator||Coe, Leander, -1864|
|Source||Dorothy Ringle collection; MS-0045; Center for Archival Collections; University Libraries; Bowling Green State University|
Weather moderate was in the quarters most of the day
Snow fell to about the depth of an inch[.] Wrote letter home to Call[.] Stewed a can of ceded Cherries
Not very cold sun shone bright. Wrote a letter to Joe Burnsides. Chaplain gave me a Testament
Weather the same. The company was ordered on picket last night. Drawed rations from the comp
Weather moderate. Hand is getting sore.
Sore turns out to be a catarrh
Had my hand opened between the thumb and first finder [finger] by Seargt. Farris
Very nice day. Snow thawed considerable. Hand is much better.
Hand still improving. Made out to scribble what is written since last Wednesday
Was a splendid day. Company E. came from the railroad and joined the regiment. Had company drill this morning and rest this afternoon. Hand better.
Cloudy but pleasant. Stewed the last of the dried pears. Hand is improving fast.
Two new recruits (G. Martin and Lonswag) joined our company.
Weather warmer. Thawed considerable this afternoon. Hand still improving
Weather same as yesterday. Bought quart of molasses and made a fiddle box.
Chaplain delivered a lecture giving us some good advise.
Warm and pleasant. Nothing of importance[.] John Wheaton went home. Captain came to his company last night.
drizzled more or less all forenoon. Is considerable colder this evening
Was a nice day. Was on campguard another new recruit (Leavy) came to the camp.
Weather the same. Went out on dress perad [parade]for the first time since my hand was sore.
Nice weather. Started on a scout up to Winchester about one o'clock. Went as far as Bunker Hill and stoped for the night.
Started on our way at six o'clock in the morning. Got there at ten loaded the wood and returned.
Weather warm. Had dress parade. Our company escorted the colors to the regiment.
Cleaned the streets in the forenoon and had batalion drill in the afternoon.
Still warm and clear. Had company drill this morning and dress parade this evening. Got a letter from Call
Had the same drills as yesterday.
Very warm. Had company drill in the afternoon. Scraped my fiddle down between times. Got a letter from Call.
Weather same. Had company drill in the forenoon and dress parade in the evening. Our company escorted the colors out. Got a letter from Lavine.
Cloudy fixed for a review but none.
Drizzled some during the day. Fell out in line to receive Gen. Milroy who stoped to see his old troops when on his way to Washington.
Sprinkled some during the day was on picket but went to camp about ten. Roll regt. Went on a scout.
Tuesday Feb. 2nd/64
Pleasant day about eighty of us went to the depot at one o'clock to go after the regt. But had orders to go back to camp.
Windy and some colder. Wrote a letter to Call.
Warm and pleasant. Nothing of importance transpired today.
Cloudy but pleasant again. Had orders to go to the regt. But did not get farther than the depot. Wrote a letter to Gen. Baker.
Weather some colder. Signed the payroll. Drawed five days rations for what was here of the company.
Sunday 7 1864
Windy and disagreable expected to be paid but was disappointed.
Still windy. Lewis Slone cane to the company. Rec'd a letter from Call and one from J. F. Burnsides.
Was a real spring day. Nate Conrad and I cut two loads of wood for the company.
Weather some colder. Companies L., C., H.,G. and B., came to camp this morning. The remaining five Co came about noon.
Weather the same. Had a cartridge in the bean soup for dinner
Got orders early this morning for the regt. to have the days rations ready to leave on a scout. Went to Winchester.
Saturday Feb. 13th 1864
Returned to Martinsburg[.] the scout consists of the 18th Conn., 3rd Pa. And the 123rd OVI. 12th Pa, 15th NY, 21st NY, 8th Va. Cav and part of two batteries. Got a letter from Olive Bringman.
Warm and springlike. Layed in the tents most of the time was pretty sore from the march was payed of[f] this afternoon.
Snowed some this evening. Sent thirty five dollars home in John Dices care.
Tuesday Feb. 16th 1864
Ground was scarcely covered with snow this morning. Was very windy all day and is much colder this evening.
Windy and very cold. Got a peck of cornmeal and had a good supper.
Weather more moderate than yesterday. Had another meal of corncakes for dinner.
Clear and warm. Got a letter from Call.
Weather same as yesterday. Lieut. Leonard started home on a furlough last night. Wrote a letter to Call.
Clear in the morning but looks this evening as though there would be falling weather in a few days. Went on picket this morning.
Monday Feb. 22nd 1864
Very foggy and smoky. Came off picket this morning. Wrote a letter to O. Bringman
Windy but pleasant had company drill this morning (by G. Martin) and batallion this afternoon. Got a letter from G.T. Sneatly[?]
Weather same as yesterday. Had company drill this forenoon. Our mess signed for the daily paper by the week. The boys got four harns [horns] from town to practice on.
Thursday 25th 1864
More or less cloudy all day. Sprinkled a little after dark this evening. Regiment got orders and went to Bunker Hill with three days rations. There to await further orders which came about five o'clock P. M. and was for us to go to camp. By the time we got within five miles of town it had clouded up and was so dark that one could not see his hand ten inches before his nose. Had considerable sport hunting each other.
Very windy all day. Got a letter from Mother. Went to town for my watch but it was not done.
Companies went out and shot the loads out of their guns. Nate was real sick this evening.
Quite smoky all day. Nate is better. Had inspection this morning and dress parade in the evening.
Monday Feb. 28th/64
Clear but rather cool to be pleasant. Had general inspection and was mustered for pay. Wrote a letter to Gavin.
Tuesday Mar 1st /64
Snow was about two inches deep this morning and it continued snowing all day but did not gain much in depth.
Snow fell last night to a depth of five inches. Went on picket this morning on the Winchester Road.
Thursday March 3rd 1864
Snow gradually melting away. Did not sleep a wink last night. Was relieved at nine this morning.
Warm. Snow is narly all gone. Got my watch from town. Bought a ring with my name, Co., and regiment stamped on it.
Warm and pleasant. Paid for another weeks paper (daily).
Pleasant. Nothing of importance happened today.
Eighteenth Conn. went to point of rocks. Companies A., I., and G., relieved the companies on provost duty. Made a floor in out tent and got a cat from the18th.
Pleasant spring weather. Wrote a letter to Mother Company F was ordered to town to do provost duty. Lieut. Leonard came back from home on furlough.
Wednesday 9th 1864
Very warm. Co F was ordered back to the regiment. Was on camp duty. Cos A., I., and G., were also ordered back this afternoon.
Rained more or less all day. A detail of 10 men was made out of the regt. For provost guards for the day. Got a letter from Olive Bringman.
Rained more or less all day. John Dice came back from home last night brought 22 boxes with him for the boys. All Rummel had a roast Turkee in one of them which we had for dinner today.
Cloudy with occasional shours. Wrote a letter to Jesse Sneath.
Cloudy with occasional shours. Went on picket this morning on Williams post road.
Windy. Came off picket this morning. Had battalion drill this afternoon.
Tuesday March 15th 1864
Clear and cool. A chain picket was put around town this evening.
Weather same as yesterday. Got a letter from Call. P.S. Taverday [?] 15th Major was ceranaded [serenaded] by the 34thMass. Brass Band and by our string band.
Weather warm. Nothing of importance happened today.
Clear warm and windy. Was on camp duty.
Saturday March 19th 1864
Windy and cooler Was relieved from duty this morning. recd a letter from Jen Baker.
Weather same as yesterday. Chaplian spoke a few words to us and distributed some books.
Still cool and windy. Colonel came to the regt on a visit on his way home on twenty days furlough. Made a speech at the depot.
Wrote a letter to Call and sent a list of our travels.
Wednesday March 23rd 1864
Weather same as yesterday. Went on picket this morning.
Same warmer than yesterday. Was relieved this morning. Had dress parade this evening.
Cool with occasional shours and snow in the evening.
Windy and some warmer. Wrote a letter to Julia Shumaker.
Sunday March 27th 1864
Nice spring day. Wrote a letter to Jen Baker. Chaplain preached a short sermon.
Got orders to be ready to move tomorrow morning. Companies A.,F.,K., and G., went to town to relieve the 94 men. At 4 p.m. all orders were countermanded and the com.s returned to camp. Wrote a letter to Call.
Drizzled more or less all day. Went on picket this morning on [line blurred]
Commenced snowing about 11 o'clock last night and continued till 8 in the morn. Was relieved about eleven A.M. Companies F., I., E., and B went to Harper's ferry this morning. Left watch to get fixed
Cool and cloudy. Went after my watch but it was not done.
Friday April 1st
Rained some this evening. Went on duty hauling water. Went to Harper's Ferry this afternoon on cars and from there to Sandy hook. 1 mi trip[?]
Saturday April 2nd 1864
Rained all day. Stayed in quarters.,
Was clear all day. Moved up on a hill but before we got our tents staked had to go on duty at Harper's fer
Clear till this evening. Was relieved this morn. Put up the tents.
Rained all last night and the greater part of today.
Cloudy this morning but did not rain any. Went on picket this morning.
Clear and pleasant. Was relieved this morn. Washed a shirt. Samuel Martin came back from home this afternoon brought a box through containing several cans of fruit, a cake, and some dried apples for me.
Clear and pleasant. Went fishing this morning but caught none. Opened one can of peaches for dinner. Were most delicious.,.
Saturday April 9th 1864
Rained all afternoon. Opened a can of Clarissa's tomatoes which wer Splendid.
Clear and pleasant. Was on guard duty in Sandyhook. Opened a can of Peaches for dinner.
Rained some this evening. The railroad bridge at Harpersferry was broken last night by water and 12 cars went down the river. Wrote a letter to Clarissa Baker.
Clear but rather cool. Wrote a letter to Gavine.
Clear and pleasant. Was up on Maryland Heights. Had the capts Spyglass so had a fine view of the surrounding country.
Clear and cool. Got orders to march but was countermanded till tomorrow.
Clear and some warmer. Moved our camp to Harpersferry on Bolliver Heights.
Saturday April 16th /64
Rained more or less all day. Got orders to move tomorrow at 7 O'clock.
Sprinkled some this morning. Was cool all day. Started for Martinsburg at about nine clock and camped within five miles of the place in the evening.
Clear and pleasant. Struck[?] tents and arrived at Martinsburg about ten o'clock P.M.
Tuesday Apr. 18th[19th]
Clear but cool was on camp duty. Wrote a letter to Call and got one from Jen Baker.
Weather same as yester[day] Had company drill this morning and Regimental this afternoon. Lieutenant Miller came to the com'y this afternoon.
Clear and cool. Had drill same as yesterday.
Same as yesterday.
Saturday April 23rd 1864
Clear and warm. Wrote a letter to Joe Burnside. Went on picket this evening on Charlestown road.
Cool and clear. Chaplain gave us a short discourse.
Went on picket duty five miles out on the Winchester road to remain three days. Was called out on account of a little [illegible] but amounted to noth.
Cool and some cloudy. Was in camp all day.
Was on picket on a byroad leading to Charlestown.
Was relieved at twelve and then went to camp at Martinsburg.
Marched to Bunkerhill with considerable force commanded by Siegle[?]
Clear and warm. Stayed at Bunkerhill.
Sunday May 1st /64
Clear and warm. Marched to Winchester in force.
Had regimental inspec. Was inspected by Gen. Siegle[?]
Windy and cool. Had batalion drill in forenoon and afternoon.
Drilled same as yesterday.
Co's F, D ,E, H, and G, went on picket to remain four day
Was on duty on the fort last night. Relieved this morning.
Was at the rallying fort all last night and today.
Chaplain delivered a short discourse.
Was on duty on the out fort last night. Was relieved this morning. The whole force moved up within three miles of Strasburg. The 123rd was rearguard supporting two pieces of Art'y [artillery]Tuesday 10th
Remained in Strasburg.
Marched up to Woodstock.
Remained there all day
Still resting at Woodstock.
In the morning we [illegible] five miles then [illegible] three hours. Some of the other forces then came up and we moved on up the valley to within a short distance of New Market where we laid on our arms all night. Where in a cold rain here skirmishing with some heavy firing every few minutes.
We drew a few rations at breakfast and the pitched tents expecting to remain but no sooner was it done then the enemy opened their conan [cannon] on us and we were ordered to strike tents immedietly. We then fell back and formed line of battle near a large house but the forces of the enemy being so strong we were compelled to fall back leaving our worst wounded on the field. I was wounded while loading the fifth load after which I made my way to the reer as fast as possible arriving at Woodstock about three o'clock the next morning.
Went as far as Strasburg where I remained that night. Had my arm bandaged.
Came as far as Bunker Hill where I remained all night.
Arrived at Martinsburg in the forenoon and took my dinner at and remained with Mr. Betson
Went to hospital Ward No. 2 where I remained until Monday.
Was transferred to field hospital on Union Hill where I remained.