Historic Sound Equipment
More than just a home for compact discs and vinyl records, the Bill Schurk Sound Archives also preserve a variety of sound recording and playback machines. Some are artifacts from previous eras, while others are still used to play obsolete formats. These images serve as a showcase of the kinds of materials used for playback throughout the history of recorded sound. They range from some of the earliest commercially available cylinder players to modern compact disc players. These images also illustrate the history of recorded sound and its manifestations in daily life with examples ranging from utilitarian to decorative.
All photographs were taken using a Nikon D90 by Paul Rickard and Sarah Modene.
Accessing the Equipment
The physical objects are for library use only. To access, please contact the BGSU Music Library and Bill Schurk Sound Archives. All contact information can be found on the library's website.
BGSU Music Library and Bill Schurk Sound Archives. “[Item Title],” Historic Sound Equipment Collection. [date accessed]. [link to item].
RCA Victor 2US7 Radio-Phonograph
The 2US7 radio-phonograph is used for playback of 33, 45 and 78 records. It contains an AM radio, automatic changer, and speaker.
Philips 212 Electronic Turntable
The Philips 212 Electronic turntable is used for playback of 33 and 45 rpm records. It features electronic speed control with high stability of turntable speed. It also contains a "feather touch" on/off switch and rocker bar for silent operation. Source: "Phillips bows new turntables; adds 'silent'…
Fisher Stereo Double Cassette Deck
The Fisher CR-854 was used for recording and playback of cassette tapes, including high-speed dubbing, duel synchronized recording, and sequential playback. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the Fisher CA-84 Amplifier.
Edison Amberola Phonograph
The Edison Amberola was used for playback of two and four minute Amerbola wax cylinders, and four minute Amberola blue celluloid cylinders. This is a table top model with an internal horn. Source: "Edison Record Players." in Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound, edited by Frank Hoffman, 355-359. New York:…
Vanity Fair Bee Gees Phonograph
The Vanity Fair Model 57 was used for playback of 45 and 33 rpm phonograph records. It contains a built-in speaker and strobe light, and a microphone jack. Originally, this model was sold with a microphone. 110-120V, 45W, 60CPS
Pyramid PR-2700 Stereo Sound Mixer
The Pyramid PR-2700 is a stereo sound mixer used for combining multiple signals into a single signal. It contains an equalizer, preamplifier, microphone input, eight audio inputs, and two audio outputs. 110v Source: Glenn D. White, "Mixer." in The Audio Dictionary. (Seattle and London: University of…
Pioneer SR-202 Reverberation Amplifier
The Pioneer SR-202 is a 9-watt, solid state double scatter amplifier. It is used to add depth and reverberation to audio outputs. Amount of reverberation and reverberation time are manually adjustable. 110/117/130/220/240V, 9W, 50/60HzSource: "Reverb Amplifer." New Products & Literature,…
SONY TC-580 Reel-to-Reel Tape Deck
The SONY TC-580 is used for recording, playback and erasing of magnetic tape reels seven inches in diameter, or smaller. It contains a three motor, six-head function, and an ESP automatic reversing system. 117V 60Hz 90WSource: HiFi Engine. Library/Sony "Sony TC-580: Bi-Lateral Six Head Stereo…
Fisher 400-CX Preamplifier
The Fisher 400-CX is an audio control until used for adjustment and amplification of sound equipment. It contains ten vacuum tubes, 27 controls, three outputs and ten inputs.
Source: Stereo Review, Ziff-Davis, 1960, 4-5
The Webcor 228 was used for recording and playback of dictation on magnetized wire. It contains a 2 inch speaker and a removable drum. Features include start, stop, rewind, two push button controls, and a recording time upwards of 15 minutes. 105-120V, 70WSource: "Service Bulletin 37, Basic Model…
General Electric Toy Record Player
The GE eletronic toy record player was used for playback of 45 rpm phonograph records, up to 12 inches in diameter. It uses a standard-sized needle and is decorated with fairy tale characters. 105-125V, 60C, 45W
Markel Playmaster, Model 74
The Markel Playmaster 74 is usedfor playback of 33, 45 and 78 rpm phonograph records. It can hold up to twelve 10 inch records, ten 12 inch records or twelve 7 inch records. It can be set to play one or both sides of queued records automatically, and features automatic shut off. 115-117V, 60CSource:…